Medicinal qualities:

In vivo

Sedative

α-Pinene, a major constituent of pine tree oils, enhances non-rapid eye movement sleep in mice through GABAA-benzodiazepine receptors.

Yang, H., Woo, J., Pae, A. N., Um, M. Y.,  Cho, N. C., Park, K. D., Yoon, M., Kim, J., & Lee, C. J., & Cho, S. (2016)

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Effects of plant-derived odors on sleep-wakefulness and circadian rhythmicity in rats.

Yamaoka, S., Tomita, T., Imaizumi, Y., Watanabe, K., & Hatanaka, A. (2005)

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Antinociceptive

Antinociceptive activity of alpha-pinene and fenchone

 

Him, A., Ozbek, H., Turel, I., & Oner, A. C. (2008)

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Relaxing

Effects of Inhaled Rosemary Oil on Subjective Feelings and Activities of the Nervous System.
 

Sayorwan, W., Ruangrungsi, N., Piriyapunyporn, T., Hongratanaworakit, T., Kotchabhakdi, N., & Siripornpanich, V. (2013)

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Intracerebral Distribution of a-Pinene and the Anxiolytic-like Effect in Mice Following Inhaled Administration of Essential Oil from Chamaecyparis obtuse.

Kasuya, H., Iida, S., Ono, K., Satou, T., & Koike, K. (2015)

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Gastroprotective

Gastroprotective effect of alpha-pinene and its correlation with antiulcerogenic activity of essential oils obtained from Hyptis species.

Pinheiro, M. A., Magalhães, R. M., Torres, D. M., Cavalcante, R. C., Xavier Mota, F. S., Oliveira Coelho, E. M. A., Moreira, H. P., Lima, G. C., da Costa Araújo, P. C., Leal Cardoso, J. H. L., de Souza, A. N. C., & Diniz, L. R. L. (2015)

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In vitro

AcH Inhibitor

Inhibitory effect of Turkish Rosmarinus officinalis L. on acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase enzymes.

Orhan, I., Aslan, S., Kartal, M., Şener, B., & Hüsnü Can Başer, K. (2008)

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Anti-inflammatory

Anti-inflammatory and Chondroprotective Activity of (+)-α-Pinene: Structural and Enantiomeric Selectivity.
 

Rufino, A. T., Ribeiro, M., Judas, F., Salgueiro, L., Lopes, M.C., Cavaleiro, C., & Mendes, A. F. (2014)

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High α-Pinene strain-specific terpene formulations:

Hinted in its name, α-Pinene is commonly found in coniferous trees, notably the pine. Has a very characteristic spicy, woody […]

50ml
362$
250ml
1,450$

Hinted in its name, α-Pinene is commonly found in coniferous trees, notably the pine. Has a very characteristic spicy, woody […]

50ml
315$
250ml
1,262$