Medicinal qualities:

In vivo


α-Pinene, a major constituent of pine tree oils, enhances non-rapid eye movement sleep in mice through GABAA-benzodiazepine receptors.

H. Yang, J. Woo, A.N. Pae, M.Y Um, N.C. Cho, K.D. Park, M. Yoon, J. Kim, C.J. Lee, S. Cho

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Effects of plant-derived odors on sleep-wakefulness and circadian rhythmicity in rats.

Yamaoka S., Tomita T., Imaizumi Y., Watanabe K., Hatanaka A.

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Effects of Inhaled Rosemary Oil on Subjective Feelings and Activities of the Nervous System.

W. Sayorwan, N. Ruangrungsi, T. Piriyapunyporn, T. Hongratanaworakit, N. Kotchabhakdi, V. Siripornpanich

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Intracerebral Distribution of a-Pinene and the Anxiolytic-like Effect in Mice Following Inhaled Administration of Essential Oil from Chamaecyparis obtuse.

Kasuya H., Iida S., Ono K., Satou T., Koike K.

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Gastroprotective effect of alpha-pinene and its correlation with antiulcerogenic activity of essential oils obtained from Hyptis species.

M.A. Pinheiro, R.M. Magalhães, D.M. Torres, R.C. Cavalcante, F.S. Xavier Mota, E.M.A. Oliveira Coelho, H.P. Moreira, G.C. Lima, P.C. da Costa Araújo, J.H. Leal Cardoso, A.N.C. de Souza, L.R.L. Diniz

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In vitro

AcH Inhibitor

Inhibitory effect of Turkish Rosmarinus officinalis L. on acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase enzymes.

I. Orhan, S. Aslan, M. Kartal, B. Şener, K. Hüsnü Can Başer

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Anti-inflammatory and Chondroprotective Activity of (+)-α-Pinene: Structural and Enantiomeric Selectivity.

A.T. Rufino, M. Ribeiro, F. Judas, L. Salgueiro, M.C. Lopes, C. Cavaleiro, A.F. Mendes

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High α-Pinene strain-specific terpene formulations:

The intense yet pleasant aroma makes this phenotype of the most popular in the world.


Delightfully sweet and smooth, Harlequin has the same rich flavors and round body as some of the most famous tropical […]