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    Medicinal qualities:

    Relaxing

    Effects of Inhaled Rosemary Oil on Subjective Feelings and Activities of the Nervous System.
     

    Sayorwan, W., Ruangrungsi, N., Piriyapunyporn, T., Hongratanaworakit, T., Kotchabhakdi, N., & Siripornpanich, V. (2013)

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    Intracerebral Distribution of a-Pinene and the Anxiolytic-like Effect in Mice Following Inhaled Administration of Essential Oil from Chamaecyparis obtuse.

    Kasuya, H., Iida, S., Ono, K., Satou, T., & Koike, K. (2015)

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    Effects of alpha-pinene odor in different concentrations on stress-induced hyperthermia in rats.

    Akutsu H, Kikusui T, Takeuchi Y, Mori Y. (2003)

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    Anti-inflammatory

    Anti-inflammatory and Chondroprotective Activity of (+)-α-Pinene: Structural and Enantiomeric Selectivity.
     

    Rufino, A. T., Ribeiro, M., Judas, F., Salgueiro, L., Lopes, M.C., Cavaleiro, C., & Mendes, A. F. (2014)

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    Alpha-Pinene Exhibits Anti-Inflammatory Activity Through the Suppression of MAPKs and the NF-κB Pathway in Mouse Peritoneal Macrophages.

    Kim DS, Lee HJ, Jeon YD, Han YH, Kee JY, Kim HJ, Shin HJ, Kang J, Lee BS, Kim SH, Kim SJ, Park SH, Choi BM, Park SJ, Um JY, Hong SH. (2015)

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    In vivo

    Sedative

    α-Pinene, a major constituent of pine tree oils, enhances non-rapid eye movement sleep in mice through GABAA-benzodiazepine receptors.

    Yang, H., Woo, J., Pae, A. N., Um, M. Y.,  Cho, N. C., Park, K. D., Yoon, M., Kim, J., & Lee, C. J., & Cho, S. (2016)

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    Effects of plant-derived odors on sleep-wakefulness and circadian rhythmicity in rats.

    Yamaoka, S., Tomita, T., Imaizumi, Y., Watanabe, K., & Hatanaka, A. (2005)

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    Antinociceptive

    Antinociceptive activity of alpha-pinene and fenchone

     

    Him, A., Ozbek, H., Turel, I., & Oner, A. C. (2008)

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    Gastroprotective

    Gastroprotective effect of alpha-pinene and its correlation with antiulcerogenic activity of essential oils obtained from Hyptis species.

    Pinheiro, M. A., Magalhães, R. M., Torres, D. M., Cavalcante, R. C., Xavier Mota, F. S., Oliveira Coelho, E. M. A., Moreira, H. P., Lima, G. C., da Costa Araújo, P. C., Leal Cardoso, J. H. L., de Souza, A. N. C., & Diniz, L. R. L. (2015)

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    In vitro

    AcH Inhibitor

    Inhibitory effect of Turkish Rosmarinus officinalis L. on acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase enzymes.

    Orhan, I., Aslan, S., Kartal, M., Şener, B., & Hüsnü Can Başer, K. (2008)

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    High α-Pinene strain-specific terpene formulations:

    OG kush terpene bottle

    The intense yet pleasant aroma makes this phenotype of the most popular in the world.

    50ml / 1.7oz$25800
    250ml / 8.4oz$1,07300