Medicinal qualities:


Effects of Inhaled Rosemary Oil on Subjective Feelings and Activities of the Nervous System.

Sayorwan, W., Ruangrungsi, N., Piriyapunyporn, T., Hongratanaworakit, T., Kotchabhakdi, N., & Siripornpanich, V. (2013)

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Intracerebral Distribution of a-Pinene and the Anxiolytic-like Effect in Mice Following Inhaled Administration of Essential Oil from Chamaecyparis obtuse.

Kasuya, H., Iida, S., Ono, K., Satou, T., & Koike, K. (2015)

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Effects of alpha-pinene odor in different concentrations on stress-induced hyperthermia in rats.

Akutsu H, Kikusui T, Takeuchi Y, Mori Y. (2003)

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Anti-inflammatory and Chondroprotective Activity of (+)-α-Pinene: Structural and Enantiomeric Selectivity.

Rufino, A. T., Ribeiro, M., Judas, F., Salgueiro, L., Lopes, M.C., Cavaleiro, C., & Mendes, A. F. (2014)

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Alpha-Pinene Exhibits Anti-Inflammatory Activity Through the Suppression of MAPKs and the NF-κB Pathway in Mouse Peritoneal Macrophages.

Kim DS, Lee HJ, Jeon YD, Han YH, Kee JY, Kim HJ, Shin HJ, Kang J, Lee BS, Kim SH, Kim SJ, Park SH, Choi BM, Park SJ, Um JY, Hong SH. (2015)

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In vivo


α-Pinene, a major constituent of pine tree oils, enhances non-rapid eye movement sleep in mice through GABAA-benzodiazepine receptors.

Yang, H., Woo, J., Pae, A. N., Um, M. Y.,  Cho, N. C., Park, K. D., Yoon, M., Kim, J., & Lee, C. J., & Cho, S. (2016)

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Effects of plant-derived odors on sleep-wakefulness and circadian rhythmicity in rats.

Yamaoka, S., Tomita, T., Imaizumi, Y., Watanabe, K., & Hatanaka, A. (2005)

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Antinociceptive activity of alpha-pinene and fenchone


Him, A., Ozbek, H., Turel, I., & Oner, A. C. (2008)

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Gastroprotective effect of alpha-pinene and its correlation with antiulcerogenic activity of essential oils obtained from Hyptis species.

Pinheiro, M. A., Magalhães, R. M., Torres, D. M., Cavalcante, R. C., Xavier Mota, F. S., Oliveira Coelho, E. M. A., Moreira, H. P., Lima, G. C., da Costa Araújo, P. C., Leal Cardoso, J. H. L., de Souza, A. N. C., & Diniz, L. R. L. (2015)

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In vitro

AcH Inhibitor

Inhibitory effect of Turkish Rosmarinus officinalis L. on acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase enzymes.

Orhan, I., Aslan, S., Kartal, M., Şener, B., & Hüsnü Can Başer, K. (2008)

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High α-Pinene strain-specific terpene formulations:

OG kush terpene bottle

The intense yet pleasant aroma makes this phenotype of the most popular in the world.

50ml / 1.7oz$258
250ml / 8.4oz$1,073
Harlequin terpene bottle

Delightfully sweet and smooth, Harlequin has the same rich flavors and round body as some of the most famous tropical phenotypes, while maintaining a mellow and earthy musk aroma

50ml / 1.7oz$224
250ml / 8.4oz$934